Report of the Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Slavery

The report of the Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences, discusses cases in South Asia, Africa, Europe, and South America on human rights violations. It specifically focuses on the horticultural and cut flower sectors and flower and fruit plantations. Findings concluded that there is a prevalence of forced or bonded labor, wage withholdings, and sexual violence. In the agriculture sector, women are commonly grouped into low-status positions to encourage power imbalances and exclude them from formal employment protections like inspection systems. This further leads to the normalization of gender-based violence in the workplace which needs further addressing by State laws and institutional practices. 

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